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flat assembler > Projects and Ideas > ZeroMove scroll images in FreshLib

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JohnFound



Joined: 16 Jun 2003
Posts: 3459
Location: Bulgaria
ZeroMove scroll images in FreshLib
Recently, I implemented in FreshLib images that can be scrolled without actually moving data, by only changing the origin of the image inside the pixel array. This trick accelerates the scrollable GUI elements significantly.

The structure of the OS independent image is:


Code:
struct TImage
  .width     dd ?  ; width in pixels.
  .height    dd ?  ; height in pixels.
  .pPixels   dd ?  ; pointer to the pixel memory.

  .orgX      dd ?
  .orgY      dd ?
  .wrapW     dd ?
  .wrapH     dd ?

  .lock      TMutex
ends



As you can see, it has a wrapW/wrapH size that is smaller or equal to the allocated size of the image. This way, the image can change its size without reallocating memory.

The orgX/orgY fields define the physical point of the [0, 0] pixel. By moving it, the whole image scrolls vertically (orgY) or horizontally (orgX).

The output of such images to the screen is a little bit tricky - by decomposition of the image in 1..4 rectangles and drawing them in the proper order on the screen surface.

The whole source is in the repository, in NoCanvasGUI branch.

In the attachment is a test application that demonstrates the above features. The source is in the project "freshlib/test_code0/TestGraphics.fpr" in the mentioned branch. The archive contains only the binaries for Windows/WINE and Linux.

Notice, that with the default window size, the demo application is expected to make very high FPS values (2000..3000fps). Maximize the window in order to get more reasonable values and to enjoy the beautiful background. Smile

Comments, fixes or simply FPS reports are welcome.
Enjoy.


Description:
Download
Filename: TestGraphics.tar.gz
Filesize: 23.27 KB
Downloaded: 13 Time(s)


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Post 14 Nov 2017, 18:49
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donn



Joined: 05 Mar 2010
Posts: 64
Neat. FPS was about 340 at fullscreen (1280x800) before opening Win's Snipping tool for a screengrab. Is this GDI, GDI+, neither, on Windows?

Also, after selecting the app icon in the taskbar to minimize it, the app stalls. I reproduced it ~4 times (Windows).

I got GDI working in FASM about a month ago for the first time, was tricky trying to figure out DIBs, bitmap formats, without any prior familiarity with it. I had Petzold's book but unfortunately sold it long ago, didn't think I would need it past the first few chapters.

Just noticed you posted a source link, will take a look later...!


Description: Minimize via taskbar icon.
Filesize: 22.55 KB
Viewed: 109 Time(s)

FreshImageScroll_Minimize.JPG


Description: FPS
Filesize: 20.14 KB
Viewed: 109 Time(s)

FreshImageScrollFPS.JPG


Post 14 Nov 2017, 21:35
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Enko



Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 667
Location: Mar del Plata
Win7 x64 I was able to get steady ~480fps
min: 62fps
max: 656fps
(I moved and resized the window a lot)

130fps fullscreen 1920x1080
Post 14 Nov 2017, 21:54
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JohnFound



Joined: 16 Jun 2003
Posts: 3459
Location: Bulgaria
@Enko - What hardware is this. It looks strange, because the 130fps on 1920x1080 is a good value, but 480 or even 656 is pretty low for small window sizes.

@donn - thanks for the bug report. I will fix it. In Windows, the drawing on the windows surface is by BitBlt function (file: freshlib/graphics/Win32/images.asm, procedure DrawImageRect).
In Linux, the drawing is a little bit more complex. When available SHM extension of X server, the drawing is by using XShmPutImage. When the SHM extension is not available XPutImage is used. (file: freshlib/graphics/Linux/images.asm procedure DrawImageRect).
Post 15 Nov 2017, 06:23
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JohnFound



Joined: 16 Jun 2003
Posts: 3459
Location: Bulgaria
Well, I fixed the bug with the hanging in Windows. It was because the real Windows sets the window size to 0,0 on minimizing, while WINE does not.

Also, the slow FPS rate with small windows on original Windows is because of the pretty slow text rendering in Windows. It is FreshLib flaw, because the need for transparent text rendering, that Windows API can't provide. This way FreshLib uses some dirty tricks that slow down the text output.

In Linux it uses directly FreeType library and the text output is much, much faster. I am wondering isn't it better to switch to FreeType in Windows as well, but I am not sure this library is available on most Windows systems.
Post 15 Nov 2017, 07:10
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