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flat assembler > Linux > hello! about linux fasm segment address a problem

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revolution
When all else fails, read the source


Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15152
Location: GW170817
DS is automatically used when you don't specify it. The following are the same:

Code:
mov eax,[esi]
mov eax,[ds:esi;exactly the same

.

kerr: In Linux you can forget about the segment registers. You can't change them from user code like you can from DOS. DOS is RM and Linux is PM.
Post 11 Apr 2016, 08:58
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kerr



Joined: 24 Feb 2016
Posts: 124

revolution wrote:
DS is automatically used when you don't specify it. The following are the same:

Code:
mov eax,[esi]
mov eax,[ds:esi;exactly the same

.

kerr: In Linux you can forget about the segment registers. You can't change them from user code like you can from DOS. DOS is RM and Linux is PM.



Oh,

I want to ask if you program run in 0x80004000 address ,But you want Specify it visit your data segment address 0x80001000, how do you make it?

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Post 12 Apr 2016, 09:21
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l_inc



Joined: 23 Oct 2009
Posts: 876

Quote:
But you want Specify it visit your data segment address 0x80001000, how do you make it?


mov eax,[0x80001000]

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Post 13 Apr 2016, 21:05
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kerr



Joined: 24 Feb 2016
Posts: 124

l_inc wrote:

Quote:
But you want Specify it visit your data segment address 0x80001000, how do you make it?


mov eax,[0x80001000]




Oh,I probably know what you mean!
Your's speak 32bit is no segment address + offset address? is Direct call Physical address?


Code:

mov eax,0x80001000
call eax
######################
 Is it right



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Post 17 Apr 2016, 04:16
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l_inc



Joined: 23 Oct 2009
Posts: 876
kerr

Quote:
Your's speak 32bit is no segment address + offset address?


It's not about 32 bit. It's about Linux. It sets segment base address = 0 for all relevant segments.

Quote:
is Direct call Physical address?


It's not physical address. It's virtual address. In Linux you cannot work with physical addresses directly, because it works with enabled paging.

Quote:
Is it right


Yes. But if your code is not relocatable then you can just do call 0x80001000 .

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Post 17 Apr 2016, 10:53
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kerr



Joined: 24 Feb 2016
Posts: 124

l_inc wrote:
kerr

Quote:
Your's speak 32bit is no segment address + offset address?


It's not about 32 bit. It's about Linux. It sets segment base address = 0 for all relevant segments.

Quote:
is Direct call Physical address?


It's not physical address. It's virtual address. In Linux you cannot work with physical addresses directly, because it works with enabled paging.

Quote:
Is it right


Yes. But if your code is not relocatable then you can just do call 0x80001000 .




oh yeah!

well, i can see the writing on the book,i try to write operating system.
is unable to compile.


Code:

jmp _start  ;0x8:0x400  
  
    stack times 128 db 0  
_start:  
    mov ax,ds  
    mov ds,ax  
    mov ss,ax  
    mov es,ax  
    mov fs,ax  
    mov gs,ax  
    mov eax,stack  
    mov esp,eax  
    xor eax,eax 



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Post 19 Apr 2016, 01:57
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l_inc



Joined: 23 Oct 2009
Posts: 876
kerr

Quote:
i try to write operating system


That's what you should have told at the very beginning. You also shouldn't have created your topic in the Linux subforum. The answers would have been completely different.


Quote:
unable to compile


You cannot use the word stack as label name. It's reserved. You also cannot declare a label using the times directive: put colon after the label name or use either db 128 dup 0 or rb 128 .

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Post 19 Apr 2016, 11:16
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revolution
When all else fails, read the source


Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15152
Location: GW170817
kerr: If you are writing an OS boot loader then your format line should look like this:

Code:
format binary ...

If you are writing a real mode (RM) OS then you will need to concern yourself with the segment registers. If you are writing a protected mode (PM) OS and you intend to use paging then you can set the selectors to be fixed for all tasks.
Post 19 Apr 2016, 14:31
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kerr



Joined: 24 Feb 2016
Posts: 124

l_inc wrote:
kerr

Quote:
i try to write operating system


That's what you should have told at the very beginning. You also shouldn't have created your topic in the Linux subforum. The answers would have been completely different.


Quote:
unable to compile


You cannot use the word stack as label name. It's reserved. You also cannot declare a label using the times directive: put colon after the label name or use either db 128 dup 0 or rb 128 .




oh i don't know!

I thought it was compiled on Linux!

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Post 20 Apr 2016, 03:54
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kerr



Joined: 24 Feb 2016
Posts: 124

revolution wrote:
kerr: If you are writing an OS boot loader then your format line should look like this:

Code:
format binary ...

If you are writing a real mode (RM) OS then you will need to concern yourself with the segment registers. If you are writing a protected mode (PM) OS and you intend to use paging then you can set the selectors to be fixed for all tasks.



yeah

So I'm confused
The use of the book is the NASM compiler,I try to use FASM how can not compile.

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Post 20 Apr 2016, 07:31
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Trinitek



Joined: 06 Nov 2011
Posts: 257
NASM and FASM are different assemblers with different syntax and keywords. Confused Perhaps you should use NASM if you're learning from a NASM book?
Post 20 Apr 2016, 07:41
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kerr



Joined: 24 Feb 2016
Posts: 124

Trinitek wrote:
NASM and FASM are different assemblers with different syntax and keywords. Confused Perhaps you should use NASM if you're learning from a NASM book?



Yes, I want to use FASM to rewrite the Nasm syntax

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Post 23 Apr 2016, 02:10
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