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x0r



Joined: 12 Oct 2004
Posts: 2
x0r
Hi all,

Why this code won't compile ??

Code:
include '%fasminc%/win32ax.inc'

.data
struc tmp
{
  .x db ?
  .y db ?
}

fred tmp

.code

  start:
        mov [fred.x],'A'
        lea eax, [fred]
        mov [eax + tmp.y],'A' ;ERROR - Symbol undefined
        invoke  ExitProcess,0

.end start 
    


Another question:
How can I create a variable pointing to the struct tmp ? Like this in C:
Code:
struct test
{
  char a,b;
};

ptest=&test;
ptest->a='A';
    


Thanks for this great assembler (just a little confusing) Smile

Cool
Post 18 Oct 2004, 10:33
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JohnFound



Joined: 16 Jun 2003
Posts: 3502
Location: Bulgaria
JohnFound
x0r wrote:
Why this code won't compile ??


Check for macroses struct...ends in FASM package includes. Actually in is included in win32ax.inc

Use it this way:

Code:
include '%fasminc%/win32ax.inc'

.data
struct tmp
  .x db ?
  .y db ?
ends

fred tmp
    


Another question:
How can I create a variable pointing to the struct tmp ? Like this in C:

You can't (of course) because structures are abstractions and pointer to it is not actually possible. On other hand, FASM doesn't use type checking and casts, so you simply don't need such features.
If you have instance of given structure, you can get pointer to it very easy, using the nama of the field:

Code:
struct test
  a db ?
  b db ?
ends

testinstance test ; variable of type "test"

mov  eax, testinstance.a  ; now eax contains pointer to testinstance.
lea  eax, [testinstance.b]  ; the same using lea instructions. btw, if testinstance is local variable of the procedure, this is the only way.

mov  [eax], 'A'  ; store character "A" in the testinstance.b

; Another way, more readable, especially for complex structures:

lea  eax, [testinstance]  ; pointer to the whole structure.
mov  [eax+test.b], "A"   ; offset to needed field.
    


Regards
Post 18 Oct 2004, 10:53
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vid
Verbosity in development


Joined: 05 Sep 2003
Posts: 7105
Location: Slovakia
vid
without macro features:

Code:
;defines struct
struct tmp
{
.x dd ?
.y dd ?
}

;defines virtual structure "tmp" named "tmp"
;so labels "tmp.x" and "tmp.y" get defined, tmp.x = 0, tmp.y = 4
virtual at 0
  tmp tmp
  sizeof.tmp = $ ;size of tmp
end virtual

;defines static structure
fred tmp

;defines pointer to structure
ptr_tmp dd 0 ;pointer is just normal dword like any other

;code
mov [tmp.x],0
mov eax,[ptr_tmp] ;load address of structure from pointer
mov [eax + tmp.x],5       ;eg. mov [eax + 0],5
mov [eax + tmp.y],10      ;eg. mov [eax + 4],10
    
Post 18 Oct 2004, 11:17
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x0r



Joined: 12 Oct 2004
Posts: 2
x0r
Ok thanks for your help, my problem was on the structure declaration.

@+
Post 18 Oct 2004, 12:30
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