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neville
Joined: 13 Jul 2008
Posts: 507
Location: New Zealand

sleepsleep wrote: 
the actual pi is what divide by what?


the actual pi is irrational which means that it cannot be the ratio of 2 integers. So no integers a and b exist such that pi = a divided by b
e.g. your "what"s can't both be whole numbers
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08 Feb 2017, 08:09 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

Latest submission by me:
(8*2) / (4^(73/(659))  1) = 3.14159260364 ...
which is correct to 7 decimal places!
Since my expression is based on the result generated by bitRAKE's program and bitRAKE's program is based on the script written by T.G., the honors should be shared between the three of us.
So, the best answer as of now is correct to 7 decimal places:
YONG & bitRAKE & T.G.: (8*2) / (4^(73/(659))  1) = 3.14159260364 ...

08 Feb 2017, 09:06 

bitRAKE
Joined: 21 Jul 2003
Posts: 2626
Location: dank orb

Good thinking YONG. I don't feel I should take credit for anything, but I enjoy being included in an interesting discussion. Tomasz helped me see a high level overview of the problem  an effective way to fit the pieces together.
3^(1+((546)^(2/7))/8/9) = 3.14159262816...
Smaller absolute error.
We might ask for approximations of any irrational under these constraints:
Euler's number, sqrt(2), etc.

08 Feb 2017, 23:31 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

pi = 3.1415926 5358979323846264338327950288419716939937510582 ...
So, the latest result generated by bitRAKE's program is a bit closer.
The best answers as of now are correct to 7 decimal places:
bitRAKE & T.G.: 3^(1+((546)^(2/7))/8/9) = 3.14159262816 ...
YONG & bitRAKE & T.G.: (8*2) / (4^(73/(659))  1) = 3.14159260364 ...
Hope that we can have 10 or more decimal places. If so, the old expression found by B. Ziv in 2004 will be superceded:
https://www.futilitycloset.com/2010/05/12/pandigitalapproximations/

09 Feb 2017, 02:03 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

The notes for value for e states:
That is ~10^25 decimal places. The entire worlds collection of storage doesn't come close to that value. So how was it verified?
Another site claims the world record for digits of e is "only" 5,000,000,000,000 digits. This is about 13 orders of magnitude fewer. And this seems more reasonable.
Did I misunderstand something?

09 Feb 2017, 03:32 

sleepsleep
Joined: 05 Oct 2006
Posts: 7033
Location: ˛ Posts: 6699

neville wrote: 
sleepsleep wrote: 
the actual pi is what divide by what?


the actual pi is irrational which means that it cannot be the ratio of 2 integers. So no integers a and b exist such that pi = a divided by b
e.g. your "what"s can't both be whole numbers


thanks for the information,
i was thinking there are 2 integers, a / b that produce infinite answer that becoming pi number,
feels very weird,

09 Feb 2017, 04:27 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

revolution wrote: 
The notes for value for e states:
That is ~10^25 decimal places. The entire worlds collection of storage doesn't come close to that value. So how was it verified?


Refer to the following video for how the expression works:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgBGibfLDU
I don't think we actually need to store all the decimal places for the verification process.
e = lim[n > infinity] (1 + 1/n)^n
As n gets bigger and bigger, the calculated value of e gets more and more decimal places. There is a wellstudied relationship between the value of n and the number of decimal places of the calculated value of e. In the given pandigital expression, n is just 9^4^42, a very big number.
Refer to:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_(mathematical_constant)#Alternative_characterizations

09 Feb 2017, 05:32 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

Okay, yeah, 9^4^42 = 3^2^85. Makes sense.
Thanks for the explanation.

09 Feb 2017, 05:44 

bitRAKE
Joined: 21 Jul 2003
Posts: 2626
Location: dank orb


09 Feb 2017, 06:16 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

So one of those pandigital approximations does comply with the rules given here and gives 9 digits:
E. Pegg: 3+(1(98^(5))^(6))/(7+2^(4)) = 3.1415926539165...

09 Feb 2017, 06:33 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

revolution wrote: 
So one of those pandigital approximations does comply with the rules given here and gives 9 digits:
E. Pegg: 3+(1(98^(5))^(6))/(7+2^(4)) = 3.1415926539165...


No, it does not, as negative powers are not allowed.
a^(b) = 1 / a^b
At least one digit is saved if we allow negative powers.

09 Feb 2017, 06:49 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

YONG wrote: 
...negative powers are not allowed.


I don't see that from the rules:
YONG wrote: 
The rules are:
 Every digit from 1 to 9 must be used exactly once.
 No decimal point.
 Only basic arithmetic operations are allowed: +, , *, /, (), power.



09 Feb 2017, 06:51 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

Yes, I am aware of that post. But you never explicitly disallowed unary minus. You just said "allowing unary minus ...". And indeed you said in that post you are keeping the same rules. And the way I read the rules unary minus is allowed. It is a basic arithmetic operation.
If you want to alter the rules then that is a different matter. So perhaps you want to state that you are modifying the rules, and what the new rules are?
E. Pegg will be so disappointed.

09 Feb 2017, 07:18 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

The challenge is to find the best zeroless pandigital approximation of pi.
The rules are:
 Every digit from 1 to 9 must be used exactly once.
 No decimal point can be used.
 Only basic arithmetic operations are allowed: +, , *, /, (), power.
 No radical sign can be used.
 The unary minus operation is disallowed.
The rationale is to keep the rules as restrictive as possible.
As of now, the best answers are correct to 7 decimal places:
bitRAKE & T.G.: 3^(1+((546)^(2/7))/8/9) = 3.14159262816 ...
YONG & bitRAKE & T.G.: (8*2) / (4^(73/(659))  1) = 3.14159260364 ...
The goal is to have 10 or more decimal places. If achieved, the old expression found by B. Ziv in 2004 will be superceded:
https://www.futilitycloset.com/2010/05/12/pandigitalapproximations/
Good luck.
Last edited by YONG on 09 Feb 2017, 08:42; edited 1 time in total

09 Feb 2017, 07:52 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

YONG wrote: 
The rules are:
 Every digit from 1 to 9 must be used exactly once.
 No decimal point can be used.
 Only basic arithmetic operations are allowed: +, , *, /, (), power.
 No radical sign can be used.
 The unary minus operation is disallowed.


Hehe, okay I think E. Pegg is still going to be happy:
E. Pegg: 3+(1(98^(05))^(06))/(7+2^(04)) = 3.141592653 9165...
You didn't say anything about the digit zero, so I assume it is allowed.

09 Feb 2017, 08:22 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

Thanks for pointing out the omission.
Added "zeroless" before "pandigital approximation of pi".

09 Feb 2017, 09:22 

neville
Joined: 13 Jul 2008
Posts: 507
Location: New Zealand

sleepsleep wrote: 
feels very weird,


You can think of the irrationality of pi this way: if the diameter of a circle is any exact number of whole units, then it's circumference is never an exact number of whole units.
Code: 
Some rational approximations of pi ................correct to:
22/7 = 3 + 1/7 = 3.142857 142857 142857... 2 decimal places only!
355/113 = 3 + 16/113 = 3.14159292035398... 6 decimal places
103993/33102 = 3 + 4687/33102 = 3.1415926530119... 9 decimal places


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09 Feb 2017, 22:54 

YONG
Joined: 16 Mar 2005
Posts: 8000
Location: 22° 15' N  114° 10' E

A spinoff challenge:
Using this set of four digits, {1, 2, 5, 9}, form an expression that gives the exact value of 33102.
Same rules apply.
2^15 + 9 = 32777 ...... Close but not good enough!

10 Feb 2017, 03:28 

revolution
When all else fails, read the source
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 15493
Location: Front row seats, please

YONG wrote: 
A spinoff challenge:
Using this set of four digits, {1, 2, 5, 9}, form an expression that gives the exact value of 33102.


I see what you did there.
3+4687/Get33102From(1,2,5,9) gives 9 DP.

10 Feb 2017, 03:41 



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