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Index > Main > uneversal push for 32 and 64 bits

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Roman



Joined: 21 Apr 2012
Posts: 826
Roman
64 bits no push eax\edx\ecx

Fasm get error.

My solution macro push32:
Code:
macro push32 Reg {
if mod64 = 1
mov dword [rsp],Reg
add rsp,4
end if
if mod64 = 0
push Reg
end if

}
    
Post 25 Aug 2020, 19:23
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bitRAKE



Joined: 21 Jul 2003
Posts: 3055
Location: vpcmipstrm
bitRAKE
Stacks move backward from high memory to low memory.

Also, since the top dword on the stack is undefined, it's best to PUSH RAX for case of EAX. The method you suggest is needed when wanting to preserve the high dword data, but by definition low stack values are undefined.

This is why I created register alias' - to ease macro creation. Prior to that I was passing strange parameters like: <RAX,EAX>, RAX:EAX, etc. and using MATCH to break out that condition.

Seems like you are going from 32-bit to 64-bit, though. fasm source has some examples of doing that in .\source\linux\x64\modes.inc There are some fasm specific caveats though.

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Post 25 Aug 2020, 19:41
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revolution
When all else fails, read the source


Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 17714
Location: In your JS exploiting you and your system
revolution
If you really need to emulate 32-bit push in 64-bit mode then do this:
Code:
lea rsp,[rsp-4]
mov dword [rsp],my_value    
Or this:
Code:
lea rsp,[rsp-4]
mov [rsp],eax ;any 32-bit register    
And now that you know how to do it, don't do it. Your stack will then be unaligned and cause you more problems later trying to fix it.
Post 26 Aug 2020, 00:48
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Roman



Joined: 21 Apr 2012
Posts: 826
Roman
Thanks.
But I have many 32 bit code with push/pop.
And I won't rewrite all this to 64 bits
Post 26 Aug 2020, 04:11
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revolution
When all else fails, read the source


Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 17714
Location: In your JS exploiting you and your system
revolution
It you accept that 32-bit pushes must be promoted to 64-bit (as bitRAKE suggested) then you can do something like this:
Code:
macro push thing {
        if thing in <eax,edx,ecx,ebx,esp,ebp,esi,edi>
                use32
                push thing
                use64
        else
                push thing
        end if
}

;test it
use64
irp reg, ax,cx,dx,bx,sp,bp,si,di {
        push r#reg
        push e#reg
}
push 0
push 4*5    
It only accepts a single argument for each push, so it isn't as flexible as the native push. Although it could be fixed with some extra work in the macro.
Post 26 Aug 2020, 04:54
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Roman



Joined: 21 Apr 2012
Posts: 826
Roman
Thanks.
Work in 64 bits
Post 26 Aug 2020, 06:00
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revolution
When all else fails, read the source


Joined: 24 Aug 2004
Posts: 17714
Location: In your JS exploiting you and your system
revolution
This might be more useful:
Code:
macro push thing {
        irp reg, ax,cx,dx,bx,sp,bp,si,di \{e\#reg equ r\#reg\}
        push thing
        restore eax,ecx,edx,ebx,esp,ebp,esi,edi
}

;test it
use64
irp reg, ax,cx,dx,bx,sp,bp,si,di {
        push r#reg e#reg
}
push 0 4*5 qword[rax]    
As long as you don't use 32-bit addresses "push qword[eax]".
Post 26 Aug 2020, 06:32
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Roman



Joined: 21 Apr 2012
Posts: 826
Roman
Nice ! Very nice !
Post 26 Aug 2020, 06:40
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