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flat assembler > Main > Macro to perform a modulo with div instruction

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Mino



Joined: 14 Jan 2018
Posts: 160
Hi, that's a really stupid question, but how do you divide into FASM?
Usually that's the way it is:

Code:
InstructionMathOperator [reg], value
    


Exemple:

Code:
add WORD [eax], 8
sub WORD [eax], 8
imul WORD [eax], 8
    


But when I try to reproduce this model with div, it doesn't work:

Code:
div WORD [eax], 8
    


The compiler says there's too much character on the line. Either I took out the last one:

Code:
div WORD [eax]
    


And now it works...
But then, what is [eax] divided by?

My goal being to create a macro to perform the instruction of the modulo:

Code:
macro mod a, b {
    ...
}
    


Would you guide me?
Thanks Smile

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Post 07 Aug 2018, 15:41
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Tomasz Grysztar
Assembly Artist


Joined: 16 Jun 2003
Posts: 6999
Location: Kraków, Poland
DIV instruction only takes one argument (which specifies a divisor, not a dividend) because the value to divide is always taken from the same place - EDX:EAX pair of registers.

32-bit DIV divides 64-bit value in EDX:EAX (EDX is the high part) by the divisor given by its operand. This is a division with remainder and thus has two results. The quotient is put into EAX and remainder is put into EDX.

I suspect that remainder is exactly what you need as a result for the "mod" macro. This could then look like:
Code:
macro mod a, b {
        mov     eax,a
        cdq
        div     b
        mov     a,edx
}    
Or, to avoid MOV instructions when "a" is already the right register:
Code:
macro mod a, b {
    if ~ eax eq a
        mov     eax,a
    end if
        cdq
        div     b
    if ~ edx eq a
        mov     a,edx
    end if
}    
Also note that DIV needs a memory or register as an operand, so to use a plain number as a divisor you may need to load it somewhere first, and be careful not to use EAX nor EDX, as they have to be used for the dividend.
Post 07 Aug 2018, 16:02
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Mino



Joined: 14 Jan 2018
Posts: 160
I understand better now, and you gave more than I asked, thank you very much Smile
But why does div act this way, and not like other operators? To manage operations such as modulo for example?
Post 07 Aug 2018, 16:33
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